14. Glossary

Automatic Safety Controls  Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe conditions

Component  A part of a system

Decorative  Ornamental; not required for the proper operation of the essential systems and components of a home

Describe  To identify (in writing) a system and component by its type or other distinguishing characteristics

Dismantle  To take apart or remove components, devices, or pieces of equipment that would not be taken apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of normal maintenance

Engineering  The application of scientific knowledge for the design, control, or use of building structures, equipment, or apparatus

Further Evaluation  Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman, or service technician beyond that provided by a home inspection

Home Inspection  The process by which an inspector visually examines the readily accessible systems and components of a home and describes those systems and components using this Standard

Inspect The process of examining readily accessible systems and components by (1) applying this Standard, and (2) operating normal operating controls, and (3) opening readily openable access panels

Inspector  A person hired to examine systems and components of a building using this Standard

Installed  Attached such that removal requires tools

Normal Operating Controls  Devices such as thermostats, switches, and valves intended to be operated by the homeowner

Readily Accessible  Available for visual inspection without requiring moving of personal property, dismantling, destructive measures, or actions that will likely involve risk to persons or property

Readily Openable Access Panel  A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is readily accessible, within normal reach, can be opened by one person, and is not sealed in place

Recreational Facilities  Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic, playground and other similar equipment, and associated accessories

Representative Number  One component per room for multiple similar interior components such as windows and electric receptacles; one component on each side of the building for multiple similar exterior components

Roof Drainage Systems  Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building

Shut Down  A state in which a system or component cannot be operated by normal operating controls

Structural Component  A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or weights (live loads)

System  A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions

Technically Exhaustive  An investigation that involves dismantling, the extensive use of advanced techniques, measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, or other means

Under-floor Crawlspace  The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the floor

Unsafe  A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component that is judged by the inspector to be a significant risk of serious bodily injury during normal, day-to-day use; the risk may be due to damage, deterioration, improper installation, or a change in accepted residential construction practices

Wall Covering  A protective or insulating layer fixed to the outside of a building such as: aluminum, brick, EIFS, stone, stucco, vinyl, and wood

Wiring Method  Identification of electrical conductors or wires by their general type, such as non-metallic sheathed cable, armored cable, and knob and tube, etc.

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